21 Feb English grammar: the future
Esta explicación que ha publicado el British Council os va a ayudar a entender el futuro.
Echadle un vistazo y la comentaremos esta semana.
- When we know about the future we normally use the present tense.
- We use the present simplefor something scheduled or arranged:
We have a lesson next Monday.
The train arrives at 6.30 in the morning.
The holidays start next week.
It is my birthday tomorrow.
- We can use the present continuous for plans or arrangements:
I’m playing football tomorrow.
They are coming to see us tomorrow.
We’re having a party at Christmas.
- We use will to talk about the future:
- When we make predictions:
It will be a nice day tomorrow.
I think Brazil will win the World Cup.
I’m sure you will enjoy the film.
- To mean want to or be willing to:
I hope you will come to my party.
George says he will help us.
- To make offers and promises:
I’ll see you tomorrow.
We’ll send you an email.
- To talk about offers and promises:
Tim will be at the meeting.
Mary will help with the cooking.
- We use (be) going to:
- To talk about plans and intentions:
I’m going to drive to work today.
They are going to move to Manchester.
- When we can see that something is likely to happen:
Be careful! You are going to fall.
Look at those black clouds. I think it’s going to rain.
- We often use verbs like would like, plan, want, mean, hope, expectto talk about the future:
What are you going to do next year? I’d like to go to University.
We plan to go to France for our holidays.
George wants to buy a new car.
- We use modals may, might, and could when we are not sure about the future:
I might stay at home tonight, or I might go to the cinema.
We could see Mary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.
- We can use should if we think something is likely to happen:
We should be home in time for tea.
The game should be over by eight o’clock.
- Clauses with time words:
In clauses with time words like when, after, and until we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:
I’ll come home when I finish work.
You must wait here until your father comes.
They are coming after they have had dinner.
- Clauses with if:
In clauses with if we often use a present tense form to talk about the future:
We won’t be able to go out if it rains.
If Barcelona win tomorrow they will be champions.
WARNING: We do not normally use will in clauses with if or with time words:
I’ll come home when I will finish work.
We won’t be able to go out if it will rain rains.
But we can use will if it means a promise or offer:
I will be very happy if you will come to my party.
We should finish the job early if George will help us.
- We can use the future continuous instead of the present continuous or going to for emphasis when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:
They’ll be coming to see us next week.
I will be driving to work tomorrow.